Along with the basic forms of anthrax (cutaneous, pulmonary and intestinal), this disease can primarily manifest as a lesion of the upper respiratory tract, including the pharynx and larynx.
Anthrax is an acute infectious disease related to especially dangerous infections, characterized by a severe course, mainly affecting the skin and lymphatic apparatus. It is distributed in all countries of the world among animals and people. The causative agent of the disease is you.Anthracis is a large Gram-positive fixed rod. In a living organism exists in a vegetative form, in the environment, it forms extremely stable disputes. In an autoclave at a temperature of 230°F spores die after 40 minutes, at boiling after 10-15 minutes. The vegetative forms are unstable, sensitive to penicillin, antibiotics of the tetracycline group. After the transferred disease usually develops a stable immunity. Immunity of people to anthrax is provided by active immunization with anthrax vaccine.
In the clinical picture of anthrax laryngitis, septic phenomena predominate and pronounced edema of the mucous membrane of the pharynx and larynx. The diagnosis is based on bacteriological research and epidemiological analysis data. Usually, the disease occurs in endemic foci and in contact with sick animals and their corpses. Lesion of the larynx is accompanied by signs of severe phlegmonous laryngitis.
Treatment is carried out in infectious hospitals for patients with especially dangerous infections. Immediately injected intramuscularly anti-anthrax gamma globulin. When the skin is prescribed antibiotics (tetracycline, penicillin, macrolides, and azolides), with septic form in addition, intravenously administered prednisolone, blood substitute fluid, etc. With anthrax laryngitis, there is often a need for urgent tracheotomy.
With the dermal form, the prognosis is usually favorable, with a septic one - doubtful, with pulmonary and intestinal - very serious.